The Law of the Limiting Factor
In this unit, I’m going to share a forgotten natural law that food gardeners all over the world are using to grow bigger and better backyard crops.
When you apply the gist of this law to your food garden you’ll be able to harvest loads of crispy fresh vegetables… armfuls of aromatic herbs… and baskets of sweet fruits… all from your own backyard, patio or balcony.
Are you ready?…
I’m going to spare you the history here, but I’ve included two links at the end of the lesson. So if history interests you just follow those links.
What’s important here is that Liebig’s Law of the Minimum often referred to as Liebig’s Barrel, holds the secret to having a bountiful harvest of any crop you can think of.
This law states that the growth of your plants is not controlled by the total amount of nutrients available but by the scarcest nutrient – the limiting factor.
It’s worth reading that again… the growth of your plants is not controlled by the total amount of nutrients available but by the scarcest nutrient – the limiting factor.
Does that make sense to you?
Now here’s the twist…
The fertility of your soil, in other words, the amount of nutrients in your soil is just 1 of 15 factors that can limit the growth of your plants; and ultimately the size and quality of your harvest.
What’s more, if we rank these fifteen factors in order of importance soil fertility only ranks at number 10 out of 15. There are nine other factors that have a bigger impact on the health of your crops. To be successful you must first remove these limiting factors.
We can group these limiting factors into five groups. Let’s quickly review them in order of importance.
Note: Registered participants can download a detailed mind map below.
First up there’s you … the gardener
And you bring three of the most important limiting factors to your food garden.
The most important as a limiting factor is your gardening system. A system is a proven set of gardening activities that Saves You Stress Time Energy and Money. It’s something that continually evolves with your knowledge and experience. And it is absolutely critical to your success as a food gardener.
Then comes your skills, knowledge and experience; and then your resources such as gardening space, time, energy and money.
The next category is the seeds and plants you plant in your food garden. How they match your skills and gardening system; and their origin. In some conditions, heirloom seeds may be best. In others, hybrids will do better.
Next is your climate which determines the length of your growing seasons. The critical limiting factors are your average minimum and maximum temperatures, the amount of sunlight, your average rainfall and the prevailing winds. Most of these can be adapted to some extent with growing structures.
The fourth is your soil. The first limiting factor in this group is soil fertility. This is the quality and quantity of nutrients available to the soil life and to your plants. And it is worth noting that the quality of the nutrients is more important than the quantity.
Then comes soil biodiversity… in other words how alive your soil is. And then we have soil structure. Whether it is clay, loam, or sandy soil.
The last group of limiting factors is natural competition. It includes pest, disease, and weeds in that order. This group is where most food gardeners struggle and where they usually focus a lot of energy and resources. But this is the wrong end to start.
The fact is if you remove, or limit, the preceding four groups of twelve limiting factors pests, diseases and weeds won’t even bother you.
Let’s recap Liebig’s Barrel or the centuries-old natural law that can help you grow bigger and better herbs, veggies and fruits if you apply it with a modern twist.
The growth of your plants is not controlled by the total amount of nutrients available but by the scarcest nutrient – the limiting factor.
To be successful you must remove the limiting factors. And the most important limiting factors are the growing system you are using, and your skill in using the system.
The great news is that implementing a food gardening system is not rocket science. And in this course, you’ll get the framework of a proven food gardening system that any food gardener, irrespective of their skill level, can use to remove all the limiting factors one by one.