Aloe marlothii subsp. marlothii
Aloe marlothii (bergaalwyn, mountain aloe, umhlaba ) is widely used in southern Africa for stomach ailments. Powdered leaves and ash are used in African snuff.
Ethno Medicinal Uses of Aloe marlothii subsp. marlothii
Administered to people: The Zulus use Aloe marlothii leaf and root decoctions orally or as enemas for roundworm infestations. Chewed roots are used in enemas for babies. Leaf sap is applied to nursing mothers’ breasts to hasten weaning. (Hutchings et.al.)
Shoot decoctions are widely used in southern Africa for stomach ailments. Powdered leaves and ash are used in African snuff. (Hutchings et.al.)
Administers to animals: Leaf decoctions are used for horse sickness. (Hutchings et.al.)
Caution: Reputed to produce emesis if large quantities are taken. Extracts from the leaf may produce haemolysis, although no sapogenesis have been found. (Hutchings et.al.)
Aloe marlothii is a large robust aloe, 2-6m high, occurring in wooded grassland on rocky hills in the highveld and middleveld. (Schmidt et.al.)
It has horizontally branched spikes of tubular orange or red flowers that are borne from May to August. It is an excellent accent plant. It will attract many species of birds and butterflies to the garden. Plant Aloe marlothii in well-drained soil. It is frost-hardy. (Wildflower Nursery)
Named after pharmacist and botanist H.W.R Marloth [1855-1931] who collected the type in Botswana. (Schmidt et.al.)
This monograph contains details of Aloe marlothii subsp. marlothii as per the references cited below. If you can provide any additional information, photos or reliable use records, or spot any errors, please leave a comment below or in The Muthi Flora of southern Africa Facebook group
Arnold, T.H., Prentice, C.A., Hawker, L.C., Snyman, E.E., Tomalin, M., Crouch, N.R. and Pottas-Bircher, C. (2002). Medicinal and magical plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 13. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
Hutchings, A., Scott, A.H., Lewis, G., Cunnigham, A.B., (1996). Zulu Medicinal Plants: an inventory. University of Natal
Schmidt, E., Lotter, M., Mcleland, W. (2007) Trees and Shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park. Jacana Media, Houghton, Johannesburg, South Africa.
Wildflower Nursery – https://wildflowernursery.co.za/indigenous-plant-database/aloe-marlothii/. Accessed on 2020/01/14