Pelargonium sidoides (Kalwerbossie, Rabassam) is used for gonorrhoea, diarrhoea, and dysentery. They have very dark purple, almost black flowers, that are very unusual.
Pelargonium sidoides Monograph
This monograph contains details of Pelargonium sidoides as per the references cited below. If you can provide any additional information, photos or reliable records, or spot any errors, please leave a comment below or in The Muthi Flora of southern Africa Facebook group.
Ethno Medicinal Uses of Pelargonium sidoides
Administered to people: Used by the Zulus for gonorrhoea (a sexually transmitted bacterial infection caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae), diarrhoea, and dysentery (a type of gastroenteritis that results in diarrhoea with blood). Used for the treatment of a prolapsed rectum in Transkei. Root decoctions are taken for severe diarrhoea in Transkei and roots are an ingredient in medicine given to small babies with a stomach ailment known as intsila. (Hutchings et.al.)
Administered to animals: Decoctions of the plant with Ziziphus zeyheriana are used as anthelmintics for calves. (Hutchings et.al.)
Pelargonium sidoides is a rosette-like plant with crowded, velvety, heart-shaped and aromatic leaves. The flowers that are born on long, slender stalks branched into two pseudo-umbels. They are a very dark purple, almost black, that is very unusual. It forms an underground tuber that allows it to survive periods of drought. In cultivation it is evergreen. Interplant it with small grasses. (Wildflower Nursery)
Arnold. T.H., Prentice, C.A., Hawker, L.C., Snyman, E.E., Tomalin, M., Crouch, N.R. and Pottas-Bircher, C. (2002). Medicinal and magical plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 13. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
Hutchings, A., Scott, A.H., Lewis, G., Cunnigham, A.B., (1996). Zulu Medicinal Plants: an inventory. University of Natal
Wildflower Nursery – https://wildflowernursery.co.za/indigenous-plant-database/pelargonium-sidoides/. Accessed on 2020/01/06